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Protected trees in Victoria: Which native trees are protected from removal?

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Arborist showing a client a recently pruned tree
Tree removal
Trav's Tree Services
Trav's Tree Services
January 3, 2024
minute read

Victoria is renowned for its diverse and unique ecosystems, home to a rich array of native flora and fauna. Recognising the importance of preserving this natural heritage, the state has implemented strict regulations regarding the removal of native trees.

In this blog, we will explore the protected trees in Victoria, focusing on the native species that are safeguarded from removal.

Understanding the importance of tree protection 

Before delving into the specific native trees protected in Victoria, it's crucial to grasp the significance of tree protection. 

Trees play a pivotal role in maintaining ecological balance, providing habitat for wildlife, enhancing biodiversity, and contributing to overall environmental health. By safeguarding native trees, we ensure the preservation of the state's unique ecosystems and maintain the quality of life for both current and future generations.

What does it mean if a tree is protected?

A protected tree is one recognised as possessing value and is safeguarded against removal or harm. These trees are typically selected for various reasons, including: 

  • Historical and/or cultural significance
  • Unique size, location, or physical characteristics
  • Rarity, particularly if the tree belongs to an endangered species
  • Horticultural value
  • Connection to the community and environment
  • Purpose of plantation, such as being part of a local or state-level vegetation program

If a tree holds protected status, obtaining a permit is essential before any attempt to damage or remove it can be made.

What are some of the native trees protected in Victoria? 

Mountain Ash (Eucalyptus regnans)

Revered not only for its grandeur but also for its vital role in the ecological tapestry, the Mountain Ash is often granted protection to ensure the preservation of the intricate ecosystems it calls home. Its towering presence contributes not only to the breathtaking visual landscape but also to the delicate balance of the environment, making it a focal point for conservation efforts.

River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis)

Recognised for its pivotal role in enhancing biodiversity and maintaining the health of aquatic ecosystems, the River Red Gum is often protected, symbolising a commitment to preserving riparian environments and the species that depend on them. 

Strzelecki Gum (Eucalyptus strzeleckii)

This rare and endangered gum species, found nowhere else in the world but within the confines of Victoria, stands as a testament to the uniqueness of Victoria's flora. Endowed with limited population numbers and unparalleled genetic diversity, the Strzelecki Gum is a botanical treasure that is carefully protected.

Grampians Gum (Eucalyptus alpina)

The Grampians Gum, often granted protection, stands as a guardian of these unique ecosystems, embodying the delicate balance between human development and the preservation of the natural wonders that define the Grampians.

Blackwood (Acacia melanoxylon)

This acacia species plays a crucial role in supporting biodiversity by providing habitat and sustenance for various fauna, including insects, birds, and small mammals. Its protective status is a testament to its ecological importance, acknowledging the tree's ability to stabilise soils, enhance soil fertility, and participate in nutrient cycling processes.

Find more protected species in your local council  

While this list consists of many gum species, there is a wide range of other significant trees that are protected under Victorian law. It’s best you understand what trees can be removed from your private property and which are situated within a tree protection zone. This will ensure you avoid hefty fines and penalties and keep Victoria’s natural ecosystem thriving at its best. 

Legal framework for tree protection 

Victoria's tree protection regulations are primarily governed by the Planning and Environment Act 1987. Under this legislation, specific provisions are in place to control the removal of native vegetation, including trees. Your local council may also have their own planning schemes that further regulate tree removal, requiring permits for certain activities.

The penalty for removing native trees 

Violating tree protection laws in Victoria can result in severe penalties, including fines and legal action. It is crucial for property owners and developers to be aware of these regulations to avoid legal consequences and contribute to the broader effort of environmental conservation. 


Individuals or entities found guilty of unlawfully removing trees may face fines. The amount of the fine can vary depending on factors such as the size and significance of the tree, the impact of the removal on the environment, and whether the removal was deliberate or negligent.

Restoration and mitigation

Offenders may be required to undertake restoration or mitigation measures to offset the environmental impact of the unauthorised removal. This can include replanting trees, restoring vegetation, or participating in environmental conservation projects.

Stop work orders

Authorities may issue stop work orders, halting any ongoing or planned unauthorised tree removal activities until the matter is resolved. Failure to comply with these orders can lead to further penalties.

Get assistance from a qualified arborist regarding local tree removal laws

When dealing with protected trees on private land, seeking guidance from a qualified arborist is essential. A certified arborist possesses the expertise to navigate the intricacies of protected tree regulations, ensuring compliance with local laws and environmental standards when getting a significant tree removed. 

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